A differential rebuild is not a routine service for your vehicle; it’s a major job that will only be required if you manage to damage your differential beyond repair. If you’re experiencing a problem with your differential, it’s important to get it corrected as soon as possible to ensure you’re safe as you commute through Northern Chicago.
What is a Differential & What Does It Do?
The engine generates power, which is transferred from the driveshaft to the differential housing. The differential delivers that power to your truck’s wheels. This allows certain wheels on your truck to receive additional engine torque when they need it most. Whether you drive a FWD, RWD, or AWD vehicle, the differential is an absolute necessity; your vehicle wouldn’t be able to move without it. The location of the differential varies, depending on the vehicle’s drivetrain:
- Rear-Wheel Drive: These vehicles have a rear differential.
- Front-Wheel Drive: These vehicles have a front differential housed alongside the transmission, known as a transaxle.
- All-Wheel Drive: With AWD and 4WD vehicles, two differentials ensure that power can be delivered to each axle.
Beyond the basics, it’s important to note that there are several different types of differential builds. Your differential may be open, limited-slip, or torque-vectoring. Open systems are common, but they don’t offer protection against slippage. Limited-slip differentials include an integrated clutch that can lock the left or right wheels in order to deliver more torque to the wheels with better grip. Torque-vectoring differentials are increasingly popular; they respond to steering inputs in order to deliver extra torque and superior control.
What Are the Signs a Differential Rebuild is Needed?
Do you need a front or rear differential rebuild? If your truck differential needs to be rebuilt, you’ll notice the following red flags.
- Grinding, clunking, or whistling noises
- Oil leaks from the differential
- Weak performance
- Grinding gears
Again, your vehicle can’t operate properly without a fully functional differential. Ignoring the problems listed above can lead to a differential that’s so broken, the wheels on your vehicle can’t turn at all. If you notice any of the above signs, schedule a service appointment near Milwaukee without delay.
Fixing Your Differential: Repair, Replacement, or Rebuild?
It’s important to point out that a differential rebuild may not be your best or your only option if your differential stops functioning as intended. Replacement of the gasket, pinion seal, or side seal may solve problems related to a differential oil leak. Bearing replacement and gear replacement may suffice if your issues are mechanical in nature. Differential repairs may cost between $200 and $400—or even less—while complete differential replacement may cost between $1,500 and $4,000. For this reason, drivers may consider a differential rebuild instead of a complete replacement. Ultimately, your next steps should depend on the advice of your mechanic.
How to Rebuild a Rear Differential
Although differential rebuild kits are available—and if you decide to go that route, you should follow the kit’s specific instructions to a T—it’s best to avoid the need for a rear differential rebuild in the first place. Differential failure is most often caused by oil leaks or reckless driving, and even if one or more parts fail, a repair may be sufficient to keep you on the road.
Taking care of your truck’s differential can spare you the costs and hassles associated with a complete rebuild. Regular oil service and regular leak inspections could save you thousands down the line.
If something goes wrong, act quickly. You may find that the following simple repairs can solve your problem before a differential rebuild or replacement becomes required:
- Rear differential pinion seal
- Rear differential gasket replacement
- Rear differential bearing replacement
- Rear differential gears replacement
- Differential side seals replacement
A complete rear differential rebuild is much more in-depth; it involves replacing the housing, gears, bearings, and seals. Even for a certified technician, this process can take anywhere from three to five hours. Of course, it would take someone with less experience much, much longer. For this reason, learning how to rebuild a rear differential at home may not be your best option. A differential replacement is somewhat easier than a differential rebuild, but since it involves replacing everything at once, it’s going to be quite an investment.
Keep Your Truck Differential in Good Shape with Lynch Truck Center
Lynch Truck Center makes staying up-to-date with routine maintenance easy and affordable. We’re always offering parts and service specials, so Racine drivers can get what they need for a competitive rate. If the need arises for a differential rebuild, our certified service team specializes in heavy-duty commercial vehicles, and can get your Ram 5500 or Chevy Silverado 6500HD back on the roads.
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